Bagua Zhang contains an extremely wide variety of techniques as well as weapons, including various strikes (with palm, fist, elbow, fingers, etc.), kicks, joint locks, throws, and distinctively evasive circular footwork. As such, Bagua Zhang is considered neither a purely striking nor a purely grappling martial art. In Ba Gua Chen Pan Ling studied directly under Chen Hai-ting, Hsu Yu-sheng and Tung Lien-chi all from the Tung Hai-chuan lineage.